Caries of milk teeth. Causes, types, treatment.
Dental caries is a very common phenomenon andalmost all suffer from this disease during life. But not only adults undergo caries, often children suffer from this disease. Blame for everything are bacteria, for which the acidic environment of the mouth is the ideal place for reproduction. At the same time, acid destroys the enamel of the tooth and bacteria grow freely in the cracks formed. The bacteria destroy the enamel, then they make their way to the tooth base - the dentine and, destroying it, can "attack" the pulp, causing such a serious complication as pulpitis.
Caries of milk teeth can appear in the veryearly age, sometimes shortly after eruption. This is due to the insufficient strength of the enamel and the base of the tooth - dentine. Sometimes it happens that by the age of 9 months the baby's teeth are spoiled. Caries of baby teeth in children of the earliest age is also called "bottle". This name is due to the fact that parents often at night give a bottle to their children, which serves as a kind of sedative. Juices, milk or infant formula remain for a long time on the child's teeth, which contributes to the appearance and development of caries. And children's caries often develops very rapidly, in some cases in just a few weeks.
In order to prevent caries from smallchildren, it is enough to follow simple rules: do not give your child a night of sweet drinks, regularly brush your baby's teeth, and you should start right after their eruption. To teach you to brush your teeth several times a day the child follows from an early age. Caries of milk teeth can be prevented if you carefully monitor oral hygiene, limit the consumption of sweet, strengthen teeth using solid food.
Types of caries
There are several degrees of severity of caries:
- initial caries. Characterized by white spots appearing on the tooth enamel. If you do not pay attention to it in time, the spots will darken with time and the initial caries will change into a chronic form;
- with superficial caries lesions are exposed to tooth tissues within the enamel. At this stage, pain can occur, due to a reaction to hot or cold;
- tooth enamel and a small part of the dentin are affected at the stage of medium caries;
- At a deep caries the tooth enamel suffers, and a considerable part of a dentin.
Is it necessary to treat children's caries?
Treatment of this disease in a child has its ownFeatures due to the differences of the child's body from the body of an adult. Infection in the mouth can lead to internal disease. The inability to chew food has a negative effect on the work of the digestive tract. Early and premature loss of milk teeth can affect the correct development of permanent teeth and become one of the causes of malocclusion.
From all of the above it follows that it is necessary to treat caries of baby teeth. You can not let the situation slide, hoping that the milk teeth will be replaced with permanent teeth and the problem will disappear.
Treatment should correspond to stageprogression of the disease. The dentist will determine the degree of tooth lesion and prescribe a filling or conservative treatment. Now there are methods of painless dentistry, which greatly simplifies the task, because the child's fear of visiting a dental clinic often becomes a serious problem on the way to treatment.
Because of the weak sensitivity of milk teeththe child can not feel pain, therefore it is necessary to conduct independent examinations of the oral cavity of your baby and regularly visit the dentist. Pay attention to the diet of the child - it must be balanced. A deficiency in the body of elements such as fluoride and calcium can contribute to the development of this disease.