How dangerous is the dysbacteriosis in a child: symptoms, signs, prevention and treatment
Dysbacteriosis means quantitativeviolation of the intestinal microflora of the intestine, leading to the development of atypical or opportunistic microorganisms. Over the past decades, physicians and scientists have been discussing this pathology a lot, recognizing that dysbiosis from a clinical point of view is not an independent nosological disease. It is generally believed that this is a secondary pathological condition with pronounced manifestations, which leads to a disbalance between the microflora and the macroorganism.
In young children, especially in the first half of the year,there is an active formation of the microflora composition, and during this period minor disturbances cause a dysbacteriosis in the child. Symptoms have a different clinical picture - the severity of the manifestations may not correspond to the dysbiotic disorders. Sometimes, with the slightest problems in the digestive tract, there is no bright symptomatology, but as soon as the immunity weakens and the protective mechanisms of the intestinal mucosa breaks, signs of poisoning appear.
In toddlers on an artificialfeeding, microflora contains a huge amount of bacteroids, clostridia, anaerobic cocci. Therefore, with a change in nutrition - the introduction of additional complementary foods - often there is a dysbacteriosis in the child. Symptoms can be manifested by vomiting, flatulence, lack of appetite, diarrhea. This difficult period lasts for up to a year. By 12 months, the microflora is normalized.
The main factors that negatively affect the pathogenic flora
The development of dysbiosis in children contributes to:
- taking antibiotics;
- diseases of non-infectious nature;
- chronic and acute diseases of the digestive tract;
- frequent acute respiratory infections, influenza, viral diseases, infections;
- harmful ecology: radiation, pesticides, heavy metals, industrial poisons.
Symptoms of dysbiosis
At the child at diseases of an intestinal tractthere are significant signs: pain in the abdomen, stool change, aerophagia, bloating, rumbling, belching. With secondary extraintestinal clinical manifestations, which are associated with hypovitaminosis, weakened immunity and disturbed metabolic processes, dry mucous, stomatitis, seizures, skin rashes and itching, sleep disturbance, peeling, glossitis, weakness are observed.
Symptoms of dysbiosis in newborns with impaired microflora are usually pronounced.At kids there is a liquid, frothy stool with an unpleasant smell, gas formation, a swelling, colic is observed. In this regard, children become restless, often cry, they are disturbed by the regime of the day, often accompanied by frequent regurgitation and vomiting.
There is a different dysbiosis in a child. Symptoms of staphylococcal dysbiosis are as follows: diarrhea with an admixture of blood, vomiting with a protracted course. When joining the intestinal infection, therapy includes antibiotics.
That in the future the newborn does not arisesuch deviations, it is necessary to put the baby to the breast a few hours after birth, then not to get carried away with the adapted mixtures, and also correctly and gradually introduce the lure. Mom and baby need to take prebiotics or biological supplements that contain bifidobacterin and lysozyme.
Only under the control of the pediatrician is treateda dysbacteriosis at the child. Symptoms will disappear after the environment in the intestine is restored. Antimicrobials are presumably prescribed, which suppress the development of gas-forming and putrefactive microflora. Medications normalize the absorption of trace elements and vitamins, and restore intestinal peristalsis. At the first signs of dysbiosis, consult a doctor.