Psychosis acute: symptoms, causes, treatment. Reactive acute psychosis
All people experience emotions: positive and not very strong and weak. They play an important role for man. Nevertheless, quite often nervous and emotional people have acute psychosis. About him and will be discussed.
What is psychosis
So, we are surrounded by many people. All of them differ in their character and behavior. But among them there are also some that stand out especially among others. In a bad way. Their behavior is inadequate. In most cases, acute psychosis has played a role here.
Psychosis in itself is a mental illness,manifested as an inadequate, unaccustomed to the behavior of society. That is, a person suffering from this disease can easily be called inadequate. There are quite a few reasons for its appearance. Nevertheless, let's talk about where this disease can come from, and how to deal with it.
Acute psychosis, the causes of whichquite extensive, most often occurs in adolescents and women of adulthood. At this time in the human body there are special changes, the mindset and consciousness change somewhat. If this unpleasant event occurs that "hits the head", then the residual emotions are able to develop into an acute psychosis.
Thus, it can be said that the main reasonthe occurrence of any mental deviation is an emotional shock. As a rule, negative. Here it is possible to carry a shock. So, people with a shaky psyche, suffering from paranoia, emotionally unstable and prone to sudden mood swings, are the first candidates for this disease. After all, they are the easiest to shock or "put pressure on the brain."
To be honest, acute psychosis, whose treatmenthas not been carried out, may not appear for a long time. In other words, a patient for quite a long time has the opportunity to continue to live peacefully among healthy people. True, before the first shock. As soon as the next shock happens - wait for hysterics and psychosis.
Many people ask very often: "Do psychic abnormalities pass independently?" As already mentioned above, a person who is struck by acute psychosis, can some time quietly live among the healthy. But one day "patience will come to an end" - an outbreak occurs, after which the patient will calm down again. Thus, the nature of the disease is cyclic. From time to time, psychoses will appear again and again. Without external interference, this can not be done.
Although many psychologists argue that acutePsychosis, whose treatment has not yet been performed, may be temporary. That is, with a small degree of probability, the patient has a chance to heal without unnecessary interference. In fact, those psychoses that are associated with age periods and hormonal failures go by themselves.
So, before proceeding to a more detailed study and problem-solving, let's talk about who is most susceptible to this disease. After all, the nature of "healing" depends on many factors.
Who is most exposed
Psychosomes are, as a rule, most exposedteenagers and people close to age-related crises. At this time, the body is boiling and shalyat hormones. They are known to play a huge role in the behavior of all living beings.
In addition, acute psychosis is often found"side effects" of intoxication or suffered craniocerebral injuries. In truth, any trauma caused to the body can cause mental distress. Do not forget about some diseases, which are also capable of causing this ailment. These include heavy surgery and infectious diseases, especially severe ones. In addition, acute reactive psychosis is quite common in women who have experienced abortion or the death of their own children. The shock of such "news" is so terrible that the body literally "goes out of control."
One of the manifestations of acute psychosis isaffective state. Probably, it is known to all. This is the short, sharp period of time when a person does not understand what he is doing. There is an affect, as a rule, in emergency situations that threaten life (natural disasters, fire and so on). Can occur in an excited and inhibited forms. In the first case, the patient starts to make sharp, panic movements, rushes from side to side, asks for help and runs somewhere (usually to meet the danger). When the acute psychosis stops, the patients either do not remember what is happening, or the murky fragments of memories remain in the head.
During the hindered reaction, as it is easyTo guess, the patient has partial or complete immobility (or, more simply, stupor). During this period, the gift of speech is lost, one of the two pictures stiffens on the face: indifference to everything or horror. A similar state can last from several minutes to several hours.
Ganser's syndrome is quite commonacute psychosis. Treatment of it is almost impossible. During the attacks, the patient responds incorrectly to the question clearly understood by him. With all this, for him any words sound jocular. The patient laughs, fools around and is lost in space. He does not understand what kind of people surround him. Instead of laughter, weeping and sobbing may appear.
A simpler name for this type of psychosis -false dementia. A person answers simple questions very silly, and something complicated can give the right answer. His behavior will also be shocking, however, it does not represent a danger. The big one can eat eggs directly with the shell, put on shoes in his arms, pull pants on his head, and jacket - on his feet. With all this, there can be a foolish smile on your face. Memories after the "culmination" - as if everything happened in a dream.
Acute psychosis, the symptoms of which are manifested indestkom behavior of an absolutely adult person, called puerilism. The patient is not able to perform elementary actions, performs gross mistakes calls all the aunts and uncles, lisps, teases, and in general, behaves "as a small child." From the lips fly children's phrases and manners. Nevertheless, adult behaviors remain. For example, the habit of smoking or painting.
Another acute psychosis is a hysterical stupor. It manifests itself in approximately the same way as a stupor in principle. A person refuses food and water, can stare at one point for a long time, anger or despair is reflected on the face, and the body is strained. At the slightest mention of a stressful or shocking situation, the patient blushes, falls into hysterics, his pulse becomes faster. Can pass independently, but entail paralysis, gait disturbance and other hysterical symptoms.
Acute alcoholic psychosis (or narcotic) init is called friction. It is caused by the body's reaction to a lack of alcohol or a drug. It occurs, as a rule, because of the dependence on harmful substances. In the course of psychosis, there is increased excitability and aggression. Waking up, the patient is unlikely to remember what was happening.
How to treat
Now that we know what is acute psychosis, the symptoms and the most vulnerable categories of people, we can talk how to get rid of the disease.
To begin with, it is necessary to eliminate the causedisease. For this, as a rule, isolation of the patient is necessary. In an excited state, the patient is given neuroleptics and tranquilizers. At times of depression, it is customary to give antidepressants.
A special role is played by psychotherapy and conversations with a psychologist. When the main cause of psychosis is found, it is most likely to be cured by talking and calming.