Causes and symptoms of kidney failure and a brief description of liver failure
Renal failure is very dangerous anda severe syndrome, which is accompanied by a loss of the kidneys of their functions, as a result of which the balance of salts, water and acidity index is disturbed in the human body. Symptoms of kidney failure are quite typical and, one way or another, are associated with the accumulation of fluids and harmful metabolic products in the body.
Causes of Renal Failure. Renal failure can develop byfor entirely different reasons. For example, it can be the formation of stones in the ureters, which worries the departure of urine from the body. In addition, such a disease can be the result of pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis and a number of other serious disorders in the excretory system.
Kidneys can refuse and at a serious poisoning of an organism with metals, toxins, poisons of an animal and a phytogenesis. Renal failure can be the result of taking some medications.
The same consequences can lead to severediseases of the blood and other organ systems, for example: leukemia, pancreatitis, toxic hepatitis, hemolytic anemia, metastasis of a malignant tumor, aneurysm.
In addition, the symptoms of kidney failurecan occur with severe intoxication of the human body with ethyl and other alcohols, when foreign matter enters the ureters or bladder.
As for chronic insufficiency, this is usually the result of improper treatment of acute disease.
Signs of kidney failure. As a rule, all the symptoms of kidney failureInsufficiency is somehow associated with the accumulation of water and harmful substances in the body. The first sign is a decrease in the amount of urine released. The density of urine is significantly reduced, and when carefully examined in it you can detect uncharacteristic precipitation. Then there is pain, weakness, nausea, constant thirst. The chair becomes irregular, and strong constipation passes into no less intense diarrhea.
Over time, the liquid begins to accumulate andserous cavities. As a result, the patient has difficulty breathing, which is associated with swelling of the lung tissue. There are also problems with the cardiovascular system, as the balance of sodium and potassium cations that are simply necessary for normal contraction of the cardiac muscle is disturbed.
Symptoms of kidney failure are also externalcharacter. For example, the skin of a patient becomes extremely dry and acquires a pale, sometimes gray, hue. There may be a variety of rashes and bruises. The patient's breathing carries a sharp smell of ammonia.
Treatment of kidney failure. At the first detected symptoms of this disease, a person needs to be hospitalized and for the duration of treatment he must remain in hospital.
To begin with, doctors will carry out diagnostics. For a complete picture, they will need general blood tests, as well as an analysis of the blood levels of creatinine, urea and other substances. The patient is also prescribed ultrasound examination of the kidneys, the bladder.
In the treatment of kidney failure is a hugeit is important to find the cause of kidney failure, which must be immediately eliminated. If deficiency is caused by poison or another toxin, then rehabilitation therapy is provided. In the event that the stones or foreign body in the ureters become the cause, the treatment is directed to their removal.
In addition, the initial task of doctors is to eliminate the shock of the body. If there is a need, then the person is prescribed and dialysis, which greatly facilitates the state of the body.
Along with the renal it is quite common andhepatic failure, which is accompanied by a violation of the work of this body with all the ensuing consequences. The cause of this phenomenon can be hepatitis, severe poisoning with medicines, plant or industrial poisons.
Signs of liver failure. At first no strongthere are no symptoms. But the human body begins to react completely inadequately to alcohol and other toxins. In the future, a sick person begins jaundice, he feels weak, dizzy, nauseous. Heavy stages of hepatic insufficiency end, as a rule, with the so-called hepatic coma. All the symptoms develop fairly quickly, sometimes even for several hours.
Treatment of hepatic impairment. Patients in this condition should beimmediately sent to the hospital. First of all, they cleanse the body of accumulated toxins, and prescribe drugs that restore hepatic tissue and improve blood circulation.
If you start treatment early enough, then the prognosis for such patients is very comforting.