Causes and symptoms of atopic dermatitis in children

Atopic dermatitis is a dermatitisa disease that occupies one of the first places in the world for distribution among the population. And although it often appears in adulthood, basically a similar condition is diagnosed in children. Statistics show that almost 12% of the world's population suffers from this ailment. So what are the causes of atopic dermatitis in children? What are the main symptoms? What treatments for the disease exist? Many parents are interested in this information.

The main causes of atopic dermatitis in children

atopic dermatitis in children

It should immediately be noted that this is a chronic,an allergic disease that affects skin tissues. In most cases, the first symptoms in a child appear at the age of 6 to 12 months, much less often the disease manifests itself later. In fact, the causes of the disease can not be determined, but scientists identify several risk factors.

Atopic dermatitis is hereditarya disease that is accompanied by a violation of the normal functioning of the immune system and the development of the so-called hypersensitivity of the organism to certain substances. Most often in the role of allergens are food products, but it can also be cosmetic and cleaning products (for example, shampoo or laundry detergent), animal exchange products, fabrics, etc.

In any case, one heredityIt is not enough for the appearance of atopic dermatitis in children. It is proved that the disease is more often manifested in the presence of some other factors, in particular, chronic or infectious diseases of newborns, alcoholism and smoking of the mother during pregnancy, insufficient long-term breastfeeding, incorrect introduction of complementary foods into the infant's diet, etc.

The main symptoms of atopic dermatitis in children

atopic dermatitis in children diet

In fact, the disease can be accompanied bydifferent symptoms. In most cases, it begins with the formation of bright red spots on the face skin. Then the rash passes to other parts of the body. In this case, the child is constantly suffering from severe itching and burning. As the disease develops, the affected areas begin to melt and become covered with a yellowish crust. Sometimes, on the contrary, the skin becomes dry and cracked, resulting in bleeding sores appearing. In addition, dermatitis is often associated with various fungal and bacterial infections, which only aggravates the condition of the baby.

Methods of treatment of atopic dermatitis in children

children's menu with atopic dermatitis

A treatment regimen can be made onlydoctor, since the methods used depend largely on the severity and causes of the disease. Typically, the child is prescribed antihistamines, as well as drugs that purify the body of toxins (sorbents), various ointments and gels that stimulate the process of regeneration and relieve itching. In more severe cases, hormonal drugs are used.

Atopic dermatitis in children: diet

Of course, proper nutrition isan integral part of the treatment. The menu of a child with atopic dermatitis is also composed by a doctor. As a rule, experts recommend to exclude from the diet sugar, chocolate, canned foods, smoked products, spices, red and orange raw fruits and vegetables. But porridge, stews and sour-milk products will positively affect the child's well-being. Only lean boiled chicken and beef are suitable for meat.