Manic psychosis. Symptoms

Today, doctors consider this disease a mental pathology. Manic psychosis occurs paroxysmally, with the manifestation of both manic and depressive nature.

Manic psychosis

Between attacks there are intervals in whichthe person seems perfectly healthy and adequate. The appearance of symptoms is primarily due to the constitutional conditions of man. In addition, heredity should be considered, since depressive-manic psychosis is a hereditary disease.

Symptoms are expressed in mood swings. Depressive-manic psychosis is revealed as depression, slowness of movements and general intellectual processes. Perhaps a state of sadness, despair, longing, constant unreasonable tension, indifference to loved ones, detachment from previously interesting, pleasurable things.

In this phase, the patient is often immobile (oris inactive), gives vague short answers or is silent at all. Life in this period seems to him unpromising, unnecessary, aimless and stupid. Signs of such psychosis may also manifest itself in self-abasement. All this is explained by the patient's own needlessness and inconsistency.

Depressive-manic psychosis
With a depressive attack can be observedloss of interest in food, which becomes as unnecessary and uninteresting as life as a whole. There is the possibility of developing suicidal tendencies and attempts to implement them. In women in this phase of the disease, the menstrual cycle may stop (or fail). Manic psychosis of a superficial character is expressed, first of all, in a sharp drop in mood.

For example, in the morning a person wakes up with a terriblemood, feels depressed and tired of life, and by the time suddenly there is cheerfulness, attention to others, desire to communicate. The patient is cheerful, jokes, feels a sharp rush of vivacity, takes up some work, but usually does not complete it. By the evening the mood is changing again. There is anxiety, anxiety, unreasonable foreboding of something bad. This is manic psychosis, in which reality differs from the inner vision of the world to the sick.

In the manic phase, the patient is confident in hisfeatures, in super-powers, in the expectation of his fame, etc. That's why he can even quit his "unsuitable" job. Even with an appetite, a person still continues to lose weight, spending a lot of energy. Night sleep can be intermittent or generally limited to three to four hours. And during this time a person feels asleep.

Manic psychosis
Manic-depressive psychosis in mostof cases has only one phase intermittent with recovery intervals, but the risk of developing another phase remains always. Depressive seizures very often coincide with the change of season or weather. There are more women among the patients (although insignificantly, the difference is about 10-15%).

Treatment is prescribed only by a doctor. As a rule, we are not only talking about a wide range of medicines, but also about the help of psychotherapists, psychologists. It is very important and the participation of relatives who are nearby, able to protect a psychiatrist from attempts at suicide and seek the help of a specialist if necessary. The main thing is to remember: a complete cure is possible.