Abstinence syndrome: what is it? Symptoms and Treatment

Alcohol and drug dependence is unlikelycan be considered a rarity. And it's no secret to anyone that stopping the use of a certain substance that has caused addiction is accompanied by severe symptoms. Why does an abstinence syndrome occur? What is it and what are its signs? How dangerous is this condition? These questions will be interesting to many.

Abstinence syndrome: what is it? The mechanism of the emergence of "breaking"

abstinent syndrome what is it?

This condition occurs against the background of terminationreception of substances that caused dependence. The presence of such a condition indicates chronic alcoholism or drug addiction - in healthy people there are no such problems.

But why there is an abstinence syndrome? What are these mechanisms responsible for physical changes in the human body? The fact is that prolonged use of a narcotic substance (or ethyl alcohol) leads to a breakdown in metabolism. Over time, the body becomes so addicted to the toxin that it turns on the metabolism. Accordingly, stopping the use of the drug affects the work of almost every organ. In fact, the withdrawal syndrome is an attempt by the body to restore the natural state.

Abstinence syndrome and its symptoms

As a rule, the first signs of "breaking" appearafter 6-48 hours after the last use of the drug. Symptoms in this case depend on the stage of alcoholism. Nevertheless, we can identify some common features.

help with withdrawal symptoms
As a rule, the withdrawal syndrome is accompanied byincreased irritability, absent-mindedness, decreased efficiency. Noticeable and physical changes - pain in the muscles, excessive sweating, tachycardia. Patients report shortness of breath and arrhythmia. From neurologic symptoms stands out tremors of hands, gait unsteadiness. As a rule, people suffer from insomnia. Even if they manage to sleep, dreams are accompanied by nightmares, and in the morning there is a strong weakness and fatigue.

There are other symptoms that accompanyabstinence syndrome. What are these violations? For example, with a severe form of dependence, changes in the CNS are observed. Patients suffer from hallucinations (visual or auditory), display an inadequate response to habitual stimuli. In some cases, this condition is accompanied by convulsions. Help with withdrawal symptoms is simply necessary. Yes, in some cases, people with addiction manage to survive such a violation. But more often "breaking" leads to either a breakdown, or to the appearance of a severe psychosis, popularly known as the "white fever".

Treatment of withdrawal syndrome

withdrawal syndrome drugs
As a rule, patients with this diagnosishospitalization is necessary. Only the narcologist can help the patient to withstand the withdrawal syndrome. Drugs used in therapy are designed to eliminate the main symptoms, normalize metabolism and purify the body of toxins. With mental disorders in the first few days, sedatives and tranquillizers can be used. If the syndrome is accompanied by convulsions, patients are prescribed anticonvulsants. For problems with the work of the heart, beta-blockers are used. In any case, there is no dependence on the pill. Drug treatment can facilitate the process of stopping the use of drugs, but does not relieve the psychological dependence.