Symptoms of the adrenal gland with chronic insufficiency.
As is known, the adrenal glands are a paired organ,located in the region of the upper band of the kidneys, approximately at the level where the 12 thoracic vertebra is located. When removing the adrenal glands, a person is threatened with death. The function of the adrenal gland includes the production of a number of hormones, as well as about 50 different intermediates that participate in the synthesis of other hormones.
The adrenal cortex includes suchthe main hormones, like corticosteroids, in turn, which are divided into androgens, mineral and glucocorticoids. Their importance for the whole organism as a whole is undeniable: since they, first of all, are responsible for water-salt, as well as carbohydrate, fat metabolism. In addition, these hormones have a significant effect on the level of blood pressure and much more.
With a decrease in the body of these hormones,there are changes that lead to the development of adrenocortical insufficiency, which can be expressed in acute, chronic, as well as primary or secondary. Chronic insufficiency is a dangerous disease of the adrenal glands, the symptoms manifest gradually. In this case, patients are not able to indicate when the disease began to manifest itself.
If we talk about primary chronicadrenal insufficiency, this disease occurs when there is a lesion of the cortical layer of the adrenal glands that can not produce the necessary volume of hormones. This disease in practice is extremely rare, with the person can get sick at any age.
As for the secondary adrenalinsufficiency, then its development occurs when the pituitary or hypothalamus is damaged in the brain. As a consequence, there is insufficient secretion of ACTH (adrenocorticotropic), responsible for the production of glucocorticoids in the adrenal cortex.
Symptoms of chronic insufficiency of the adrenal cortex.
When chronic form of the disease, symptomsThe adrenal glands begin in the form of an increasing permanent muscle weakness or general weakness of the body. As a rule, weakness increases by the end of the day. With the passage of time, the symptoms of the adrenal gland grow, weakness increases. Initially, these symptoms are worried only during cold ailments, and rarely, who drew attention to it. Along with this, in patients suffering from chronic insufficiency, there is a sharp loss in weight, appetite decreases, all this is accompanied by vomiting and nausea.
The main symptoms.
- 1. The color of the skin changes.
The color of the skin changes becauseAdrenal insufficiency Melanin is being debugged, as a rule, in those places where the skin rubs with clothing or on open skin areas. Subsequently, the color of the skin in these areas acquires a bronze shade.
- 2. Lowering blood pressure.
This is due to a decrease in the amount of plasma in the blood, the pulse is mild.
- 3. Violated the functions of the gastrointestinal tract.
There is vomiting, constipation and nausea, appetite decreases.
- 4. The sugar level is lowering.
This is due to a decrease in the volume of glycogen in the liver. Due to this, irritability is observed in the patient, weakness, sweating and a measure of satiety are increased.
In addition to the above, the symptoms of the adrenal glandscan be manifested in the form of nocturia. With this symptom, patients often go to the toilet at night, which signals a violation of the function of the adrenal glands.
Also, the symptoms of the adrenal glands may includethemselves changes in the activity of the nervous system. So, as a result, the patient suffers from a decrease in memory and concentration of attention, there is irritability and depression, right up to acute psychosis.
If you observe similar symptoms,immediately seek professional medical help, only an experienced doctor will be able to answer the question: "How to treat the adrenal glands?", will establish an accurate diagnosis and individual treatment for you.