The agent "Magnesium sulfate". Instructions for use. Indications and dosage
The preparation "Magnesium sulfate" is issued in the form ofcolorless prismatic crystals that weathered in air. The product easily dissolves in water and practically does not dissolve in alcohol. Also, the drug "Magnesium sulfate" is produced in ampoules.
The agent may have a different effect ona condition of an organism. So, when ingestion of the drug "Magnesium sulfate" is marked laxative and choleretic action. The drug is suf fi ciently poorly absorbed, irritatingly affects the nerve endings in the duodenal mucosa.
The drug with parenteral administration is capable ofhave a calming effect on the central nervous system. The narcotic, sedative or hypnotic effect is manifested depending on the dose used. In a large dosage, the drug has a curare-like effect and is capable of causing respiratory paralysis (due to a decrease in the excitability of the respiratory center).
Characterizing the drug "Magnesium sulfate", the instruction indicates its ability to suppress neuromuscular impulses.
In connection with the general sedative (calming) effect, the blood pressure decreases slightly. This effect is more pronounced, as a rule, if the patient has hypertensive disease.
Removal of the drug is carried out with urine.
The tool "Magnesium sulfate" instruction recommendsapply as a choleretic and laxative. In some cases, the use of the drug as anticonvulsant, antispasmodic and sedative is acceptable.
Use the "Magnesium sulfate" tool inas a narcotic drug is not recommended. This is due to the low latitude of exposure, the need to introduce too large doses, at which the risk of paralysis of the respiratory center is high.
The preparation "Magnesium sulfate". Instruction: Dosage regimen
The agent as a laxative is indicated forintake, on an empty stomach (half an hour before a meal) or at night. For adults, the dosage is ten to thirty grams per half a cup of water. Children are prescribed a drug at a rate of one gram per year of life. In the case of chronic constipation, enemas are allowed (one hundred milliliters of 20-30% solution).
The agent as a cholagogue is taken per daythree times. Recommended for a tablespoon solution (20-25%); duodenal sounding is also performed with the introduction of a warm solution (100 ml of 10% or 50 ml of 25%).
With the development of hypertension in the earlystages means "Magnesium sulfate" is used in some cases as spasmolytic and antihypertensive (to some extent). Enter intramuscularly from five to twenty milliliters of 20-25% solution, make a daily injection. The duration of therapy is fifteen to twenty days. As medical practice shows, along with a decrease in blood pressure, relief of symptoms of angina is noted. Regular use in small doses (1-2 grams per half a cup of water) inside fasting improves the condition of patients, and also to some extent delays the development of atherosclerosis.
In hypertensive crisis, intramuscular or intravenous (slow) administration of ten to twenty milliliters of a solution of 20-25% is allowed.
"Magnesium sulfate" during pregnancyshould be used with great care. Intravenous administration to avoid side effects (in the form of respiratory depression, tachycardia and others) must be done slowly. As practice shows, with the right infusion, the drug contributes to the rapid and effective removal of the tone. Infusions can be replaced by oral (oral) reception.
Before using the "Magic Sulfate", inespecially during pregnancy, it is necessary to consult a doctor. The specialist should warn about the possible side effects of using the drug.