Mycoplasma hominis - what is it?This question interests every girl or woman, in the diagnosis of which there is this phrase. Mycoplasma is a microorganism that has a round or spherical shape, and it does not have a cell wall. Getting into the cells of the human body, the microbe begins to be divided by crushing the mother cell or by budding. Mycoplasma hominis "lives" mainly in the genito-urinary tract, but there are other types of microbe that can affect almost all systems. This organism is very dangerous for both men and women. It should be noted that in the host cell (human) mycoplasma causes a number of irreversible changes: the synthesis of amino acids, nucleic acids and DNA is disrupted. In accordance with this, women can experience spontaneous abortions, miscarriages and miscarriages. Babies can be born with deformities and developmental anomalies. Men suffering from mycoplasmosis may eventually become barren, they suffer from sexual function, and the act itself does not bring satisfaction. Mycoplasma hominis is an organism that can very closely bind to the cell membrane, and then change the genetic information in it. An interesting fact is that in 1965 a study on this issue was conducted, and scientists found that of all spontaneous abortions, 20% were caused by mycoplasma. The source of this disease are carriers who have no symptoms, and sick people. The way of transmission is most often sexual and contact-everyday (through personal hygiene items). Cases of transplacental infection and transmission of infection during the child's passage through the birth canal have become more frequent.
Symptomatology of the disease
Mycoplasma hominis very often does not causeno clinical symptoms in infected, which aggravates this disease and it soon turns into a chronic form. If the course is not asymptomatic, the patients are concerned about discharge from the urethra and genital organs of a flocculent nature, without an unpleasant odor. Women note increased soreness during menstruation, a violation of the cycle. In almost all cases, female mycoplasmosis provokes the development of colpitis, vaginitis and even bartholinitis. All patients complain of itching in the urethra and unpleasant sensations when they emit urine. In some situations, there may be edema of the urethra, which is accompanied by a severe pain symptom.
In order to correctly diagnose,patients should be tested for sexually transmitted infections. Mycoplasma very often occurs in symbiosis with other infections. PCR diagnostics is currently one of the most effective ways of detecting mycoplasma DNA in a patient's blood. Also for diagnosis, the culture method, the method of paired sera and immunofluorescence are used.
Mycoplasma hominis: treatment
Treatment of this disease is complex andlasting. The fact is that if the microorganism is not exterminated to the end, it will still reproduce again, and the disease will resume. Treatment should be under the strict supervision of a doctor (self-medication in this case is unacceptable!). It is necessary to start with antibacterial drugs, which kill the bacteria themselves. Before you designate a drug, it is best to determine the sensitivity of the flora to it, but most often do not wait for such a long period (about 2 weeks) and prescribe a wide spectrum of action of the tetracycline series. Effective against mycoplasmas are macrolides and fluoroquinolones of new generations. If a mixed infection is diagnosed, then metronidazole (also an antimicrobial drug) should be added to the treatment.
You can use anti-inflammatory baths with chamomile, they relieve swelling and itching.