Late work: misconduct or character trait

There are people who tend to be late andwork, and on holiday. At the same time, they feel calm, convincing everyone that this is their character trait, so they will have to reconcile with it, as they have long ago reconciled themselves and ceased to overcome this problem. Other people are late for work perceived as a catastrophe and suffer greatly even from the thought that this can happen, punishing themselves in advance with a sense of guilt, remorse and emotional feelings. The third category of people are citizens who suddenly start to notice that they often become late somewhere, although they did not notice it before.

Nevertheless, for all categories of citizens, the delay isthe labor code qualifies as a disciplinary offense, i.e. inadequate performance by a person of their functional duties (Part 1, Article 119 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation). At the same time, the measure of influence on the employee is determined by the head, depending on the frequency of the offense committed, the circumstances under which this occurred, and the employee's attitudes toward the performance of his duties (part 5 of Article 119 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation). In the staff of many labor organizations, there is currently a position of a psychologist who can help understand the true reasons for the late employees and help everyone find their way of eliminating such a shortcoming.

Possible causes of delays:

1) In psychoanalysis, Z.Freud pointed out the reason for the late arrival of a person as a forgetting of intentions, i.e. use the opportunity to push back the execution of the necessary action. A person can generally refuse (forget) to fulfill an intention, if the motive of his actions is deeply personal and justified for him. The author suggests to analyze the case of late arrival of a young man for a date. For a year he never allowed himself such an action, and suddenly there are various objective reasons preventing him from arriving at the meeting in time. A favorite girl can say that he has become less eager to meet, and maybe even avoid them. A similar phenomenon can be found even in cases when a delay in work becomes regular when a person does not seek to devote more of his time to this type of activity when the work ceases to like. Delays become a kind of provocation for the leadership, which is forced to dismiss the employee for the regular failure to perform their functional duties. Maybe it's just in time to change your unloved work to a more attractive activity?

2) Delays in work or study can beway to attract attention to themselves from individuals who can not assert themselves in the team in another way. On the late student all attendees pay attention, which are in the audience: the lecture is interrupted, attention is switched. The doctor of pedagogical sciences A.S. Belkin at his lectures allowed the latecomer only to come to the audience if he tells a meaningful anecdote and gives him a pedagogical treatment. Those. the late student had to think in advance of not justifying himself to his delay, but thinking about what he would tell and how he would interpret. A student group could help a fellow student, i.e. the occupation turned into a fascinating pedagogical analysis of life situations. Every student could afford such attention from the lecturer and classmates? Who could not - came on time.

3) Tardiness at work or late home afterwork can be used by people and as a powerful means of emotional impact on others, but it is used mainly with close people who are worried about someone who did not come to the appointed place on time. This technique is often used by teenagers, forcing parents to experience, fantasize, worry about their child. Thus, they try to "return" those parents who were in their early childhood: attentive, caring, omnipotent, who always found themselves near the baby in difficult situations.

An adult who is late for work andthinking that the boss, as a parent figure, will worry about him, is often mistaken. The chief is worried, but more - about the discipline, productivity and stability of his company.

Late arriving at work can be simplechance. But any event in life has its own cause. It is important to analyze in a timely manner what caused the delay in work at this time: unwillingness to work, conflict in the team, fatigue, illness, the desire to show oneself or make others worry about themselves. Maybe it's time to grow up and begin to deal with the cause of the disease, and not with its symptoms?