Types of briefings
According to article 212 of the Labor Code of ourone of the most important duties of the employer is to train the employees of the organization in safe methods and methods of performing work (including first aid for the victims) and training. Also, the employer is obliged to organize an internship at the employee's workplace, as well as to check the knowledge of the requirements of the OT. Types of briefings, which the employer is obliged to organize, and the employee has the right to receive, are listed in Section 7 of GOST 12.0.004, which was approved in 1990. This normative document was put into effect from the second half of 1991, and in 2010 it was reissued without any changes.
All types of safety briefingsare divided according to the time of their conduct and nature. There are five in total, each mandatory, none of them can cancel or replace the other. As a rule, they must be known and accurately transferred not only by employees of the company's OT service or managers of different levels, but also by each employee, since this question is included in the OT knowledge requirements for any category of employees in the organization (worker, specialist, employee or leader). Therefore, the response should contain information on briefings:
All types of health and safety briefing are describedin the instruction developed in the organization, which should have the following title: "On the procedure for conducting briefings, training, checking knowledge and attestation on health and safety in workers (hereinafter the name of the organization)." At any enterprise, company, firm, corporation, institution and so on, the procedure for developing and updating this document, as well as familiarizing it with each employee, is established. Thus, ensuring the continuous and multilevel nature of training, the employer not only fulfills part of the HE requirements laid down in the Labor Code, but also informally reduces the risks of occupational injuries caused by non-compliance with existing rules and regulations.
Only list all types of briefings atverification of knowledge on OT is not enough. It is necessary to have an idea what each of them should be told by the examiner? First of all, where, with what periodicity and who should conduct them.
Introductory - once upon admission to work orto practice. To do this, specialists are involved in labor protection, employees of the Ministry of Emergency Situations (on the part of the fire department and gas rescue service) and a medical institution. It should be marked in the special journal of the service of the organization, in the Order for employment and in the Personal Book or the card for the protection of the employee's labor.
Primary - the head of the unit atworkplace on the first working day. When transferring within the organization to another structural unit or changing the position and profession, it is mandatory. The record of it is entered in the personal book on labor protection.
The remaining types of briefings are conducted by the immediate supervisor, only the periodicity and the purpose of these are different.
Repeated - the first time exactly six months afterThe first exam for checking knowledge on OT, then at least once every six months. It is allowed to conduct it individually with each employee or group. Record about it is done in a special magazine.
Unplanned - when the regulatorydocumentation (mandatory for a particular position or workplace). Also in the case of a long break in work (more than a month), in violation of the rules of the OT, at the request of the supervisory authorities or when making changes in the technological process. Record about it is done in a special magazine.
Trust - before the execution of works that are not peculiar to this position or profession with registration in a special journal.
Such types of briefings as primary, introductoryor re-run through programs that are specifically designed and approved by the organization. The volume of targeted and unplanned is determined for each specific case.