And yet, where does the Volga flow?
Where does the Volga fall? Perhaps, almost any schoolboy of the general education school can answer this question. However, this river plays such an important role in the life of a huge country that it is much more necessary to dwell on its characteristics.
Section 1. Where does В enterolga? general description
The Valdai Upland is the source of a mighty river. As is known, the Volga flows into the Caspian Sea, exchanging water along its length with numerous rivers and keys. The area of the Volga basin occupies 8% of the entire territory of the Russian Federation.
The Volga is divided into three parts: upper, middle and lower. The first begins from the source and stretches to the mouth of the Oka, then the middle one, which ends at the place where the Kama River flows into the Volga. And the lower part ends with the Caspian Sea.
Reserves of water in the river are replenished bywater, rainfall and snow melt. In April, the time of spring flood begins, low water is observed in summer, the period of floods falls on autumn, and in winter the river reaches its lowest level. Water in the Volga begins to freeze in late November or early December.
Section 2. Where does the Volga fall? Interesting historical facts
The first mention of the Volga is in the 2nd century BC.AD in the "Geography" of Ptolemy, there it has the name Ra, which translates as "generous." Itil is her name in the Middle Ages, and the annals of the Arabs call it the "River of the Rus."
In the 13th century, the river is becoming famousVolga trade route. The beginning of the Volga provides links with European states, and through the Caspian Sea opens a direct route to the East. Where the Volga flows, the map will show quite accurately, however, not everyone knows that along the given river the forests are melted long ago, this is where fishing begins to develop.
At the moment, compared to past centuries, its possibilities are simply limitless.
Fertile soils near the banks of the Volga have long beenwere famous for their fertility, and approximately in the middle of the 19th century metallurgical and machine-building plants began to be built here. In the 20th century, the development of oil fields began in the lower part of the river. Simultaneously, the construction of hydroelectric power stations on the tributaries of the Volga took place. And every year the river has become more difficult and more difficult to replenish its resources.
Section 3. Where does the Volga fall? Features of flora and fauna
In the river there are over 44 species of representativesfauna, among them there are also vanishing specimens that are under protection. The huge number of waterfowls is amazing. Near the shore, mammals prefer to settle: foxes, hares and raccoon dogs.
In the waters of the river there are more than 120 species of fish: carp, roach, bream, sturgeon and others. This place has long been a favorite among fishermen. But if before the world catch sturgeon accounted for more than 50%, today the situation has changed dramatically.
The negative influence of civilization was not bypassedriver mother. A large number of hydroelectric power stations and reservoirs strongly pollute the water, which adversely affects the state of local flora and fauna. In addition, the quality of the water in the river has worsened greatly.