Forensic psychiatry is an applied industrygeneral psychiatry. Science (in the general psychiatric meaning) studies the patterns of development, occurrence and probable outcome of a particular group of diseases (pathologies). These pathologies are accompanied by disorders in the psyche. The purpose of the study is to provide patients with appropriate care.
Forensic psychiatry is engaged in researchmental disorders with respect to the tasks to be performed in the course of the administration of justice in civil and criminal cases. Based on the conclusions made by the relevant experts of this industry, the court takes procedural decisions. In this case, the conclusions of forensic psychiatrists are subject to evaluation in conjunction with other evidence. Adoption of procedural decisions is carried out within the framework of civil or criminal legal proceedings. All the facts described above define this branch of medicine as "forensic psychiatry".
The criminal justice process as aa preliminary investigation is included. In this regard, forensic psychiatric findings are used by both the court and the investigator (prosecutor or investigator).
The subject of the study includes, in addition toaccepted general descriptions (eg, diagnosis) additional information. In particular, forensic psychiatry can not do without forensic psychiatric evaluation. In other words, a specialist in the examination of the accused concludes that the patient has several years of chronic mental illness. In the general practice, the diagnosis is sufficient to make a decision about the patient's assistance. Forensic medicine and psychiatry, in particular, requires the application and additional fairly specific criteria. Thus, a specialist evaluating the mental state of the accused must answer the question of whether he (the accused) could at the time of the commission of the act incriminated to him realize the social danger and the actual nature of his action (inaction) or direct him. This formulation allows you to determine the severity (depth) of the defendant's defeat by a mental illness.
Forensic psychiatry evaluates and otherfeatures of mental disorders. For example, the use of coercive measures is appropriate only if the accused is at risk for his illness. When the mental state changes, the use of medical coercive measures is suspended even if the complete elimination of the disease has not occurred and the accused remains mentally ill.
A forensic psychiatrist performs activities that haveseveral directions, relatively independent. At the same time, each direction has its own tasks and methods for resolving them. In addition, specific legal forms that limit the activities of the above specialist are applied.
Forensic psychiatric examination is consideredthe main activity of a specialist who examines the mental state of the accused in criminal or civil law. It is appointed by the body or the person conducting the proceedings. At the same time, tasks are formulated that represent certain questions to the expert expert. The bodies that designate the study collect and provide materials to specialists, select specialists (institutions or individuals), evaluate the conclusion based on the results of the research. If there is agreement on the conclusions of the experts, the conclusions are used in making decisions on the processes.
It should be noted that specialists conductingThe above studies do not entrust authority. In this regard, statements such as "experts, having recognized the defendant as insane, sent him to compulsory treatment, freeing him from liability" are incorrect. Such decisions are taken only by the court.