The Mustang is an animal known to all. Wild horses in nature: photo, description
In nature, the most beautiful animals - horses,especially wild ones. Most attractive among them are Mustangs. A lot of stories are composed and filmed films about these freedom-loving, beautiful and powerful animals.
What are they, Mustangs are wild horses? How do they live in the wild? About all this and their habits can be found in this article.
How did the history of the mustangs begin?
Mustangs are wild horses, the fate of which has been developing for a long time and is not so simple. There are many sad and tragic moments in their history. Once in America, about 10 thousand years ago, all the horses died out.
Then in the 16th century the Spanish conquistadors inAmerica was brought new horses. Initially, the Indians did not want to recognize unknown to them strange animals: all the horses that came to them, they killed and eaten. But soon realized the value of such an animal as a fast and powerful vehicle and a great helper in battle and hunting.
Indians, unlike Europeans, went tohorses without saddles, and horses were trained to obey even the whisper of the rider, as well as a clear response to every movement of the master. The Indian practically merged with his irreplaceable friend into a single whole.
Thus, moving from one tribe to anotherother, horses began to spread virtually throughout the United States. But there were occasions that the horses ran away from the man and burst free. And the Indians themselves often threw the sick, tired and obnoxious animals to the mercy of fate.
Over time, on the vast expanses of prairiesThe herds of wild mustangs began to appear. The word "mustang" is most likely derived from mestenos (Spanish). So called the sheep who fought off the herd. So there were free and surprisingly beautiful horses in nature.
About the future life of Mustangs
Due to the fact that there were no dangerouspredators, nothing interfered with the peaceful and free life of large herds of wild mustangs. Their numbers grew so fast that in the middle of the 19th century, around 2 million mustangs wandered around America.
At the very beginning, the blood of ArabAndalusian horses, but gradually the noble horses were increasingly interbreeding with other breeds. Survived in the wild only the most hardy horses with great health.
Height at the shoulders of the mustang is from 135 to 155 centimeters.
In connection with mixed origin (bloodAndalusian and Arabian, local horses) in Mustangs, the appearance can be quite different. The best representatives of this breed have strong hooves, strong legs and a folding muscular physique.
The weight of the mustang reaches 500 kg. There are the following suits among them: piebald, red, bay, appaloosa and others.
Differences between Mustangs and Horses
Mustang - an animal that has, as it turned out, an amazing history of origin.
It is generally accepted that everything began with the fact thathome horses for some reason have become wild. There is a version that this is why they got the name "Mustang" (translated as "wild" or "wandering"). Whatever it was, many of the features of that domestic horse survived today in the wild.
Merging different suits by crossing themoccurred in connection with the movement. Thus, the migration of Spanish and French horses, piqued to the emergence of a completely new offspring with an admixture of blood of friezes, ponies and heavyweights. In the selection process, only the strongest and hardiest survived, used in the future for riding and transporting weights.
Mustang is an animal, with a distinctionwhich from the ancestor (horse domestic) is a great speed, endurance, great strength and unpretentiousness in the content. Of course, there is a negative difference - the horse is domestic, unlike the freedom-loving mustang, is more malleable in training. Mustang is characterized by rampant and disobedient, he can perceive man as master, but only as a person whom he will respect. And externally the mustang is different from the domestic horse, it is smaller in size.
Interesting facts about mustangs
The Mustang is an animal possessing numerous features, which can not be described in one small article. Here are some interesting facts, besides the facts described above:
• If earlier there were about 2 million heads, then after the ruthless hunting of people for horses for the sake of meat and skins, their number has greatly decreased and is about 20 thousand.
• There is in Nevada a coin with the image of a mustang (denomination of 25 cents).
• The US government has taken Mustangs under the protection at the legislative level.
• Mushroom's mare a few days before the birthusually separates from his flock and seeks a temporary shelter. The newborn baby begins walking a few hours after birth, and a few days later they return together to the herd.
Mustangs can also be black. A beautiful horse is a black horse, which is always in price. Usually such a suit is preferred by purposeful and powerful by their nature people. Such a horse is black with a bluish tinge.
It is believed that A.Medonsky's horse is the representative of this suit. A beautiful and powerful physique, royal form and formidable character combined this black horse in itself.
The basic suits of the Mustangs are only four: gray, bay, black and red. Of the black suit, there were other species, for example, smoky-black.
Mustang - the animal is very strong. Such horses successfully participate in sports competitions, they become prizewinners of many international competitions.
It should be noted that in Russia there is an islandWater, which is located in the middle of the Turkmen Lake Manych-Gudilo. Amazing is the fact that this territory was occupied by a large herd of horse-mustangs. They live there for about 50 years. The phenomenon like this is inexplicably nothing, although scientists are trying to determine how they got to this island. There are various versions ...