Profession surgeon: description, pros and cons. Profession of plastic surgeon
Have you ever wondered what role in lifeeach of us plays a doctor? After all, when we go to medical institutions, we give our lives to those people who work there. There are cases when without the surgical intervention of a surgeon the human life can not be saved. Profession surgeon gives people second lives. But despite this shortcomings of this activity, too, there is a considerable amount.
A bit of history
The word "surgeon" is of Greek origin and intranslation means "work of hands". Surgeon is a specialist who has undergone specialized training aimed at studying the theoretical part and carrying out practical activities regarding the identification of a disease or trauma and their treatment by surgical intervention.
Surgery as a craft is known to people since ancient timestimes. How many a person exists, so many different illnesses take place. And, of course, the reflex of self-preservation calls not to reconcile with ailments, but to overcome them in various ways, including by penetrating into the inner part of the human body. Initially, the level of such interventions was far from modern. The first operation in today's understanding of this term dates back to the 16th century. During this period, there were no surgeons, and people who conducted surgical interventions were called barbers. But if to heal internal organs by direct contact with them more or less learned how to save the patient from the terrible pain that accompanies him during surgery, remained a mystery until the middle of the XIX century. And only after the anesthesia was invented, the surgery as a separate direction of medicine began to develop at an astonishing rate.
Profession surgeon: description and features
Surgery is one of the areas of medicalpractice, which is of special importance and complexity. The work of surgeons can not be overlooked and not understood: they correct dislocations, cut out tumorous formations, carry out complicated surgical interventions, sew deep cuts and wounds, perform plastic operations.
Occupation surgeon - socially significant speciesactivities with increased responsibility. The surgeon is trusted neither with money, nor with property, nor with any other blessings, he is responsible for human life. The high level of social significance is due to the fact that modern medicine, in particular surgery, has reached the heights in its development, which made it possible to conduct the most complex operations, on the success of which human life depends.
The profession of a surgeon is considered highly sought after among all segments of the population due to the constant growth in demand for surgical services.
The main tasks of a doctor-surgeon include:
- diagnosis of the disease;
- determining the cause-effect nature of the disease;
- operational assistance (operation);
- postoperative observation of the patient.
Plastic surgery as a separate branch of aesthetic medicine
Aesthetic medicine involves work in the areas of "surgery" and "maxillofacial surgery." Plastic surgery is one of the surgical directions.
To become a surgeon-esthete, you must firstpass a full 5-year course of study at a medical university, subordination in the specialty "surgery" (training in a particular specialty), residency in the direction of "plastic surgeon."
Often, the plastic surgeon's profession pleases dentists, since they are perfectly acquainted with the features of the face and jaw structure.
To date, the growth in demand for servicesa surgeon-doctor takes place precisely because of the development of plastic surgery. It is also considered the most profitable direction of surgical activity, because these people "create" beauty under the patient's dictation, which in the majority of cases are well-known politicians, stars, singers, actors, etc., and they are ready for their appearance to lay out the whole states.
Profession Surgeon: Pros and Cons
Wishing to become a good surgeon a lot - eachthe second-third student of a medical school chooses precisely the specialization "surgery". But due to the complexity of the profession and its importance, not every applicant will be able to overcome all the tests on the way to becoming. It's not uncommon when a beginner surgeon refuses to continue working, as a doctor-surgeon's job implies:
- irregular working schedule;
- unregulated physical activity;
- responsibility for the life of the patient;
- moral and emotional exhaustion and guilt in the event of an unsuccessful operation;
- criminal responsibility in case of incompetence;
- presence of constant risk of infection with AIDS, tuberculosis, hepatitis;
- low wages in public medical institutions.
In addition to the shortcomings of the profession, there are also visible advantages.
Pros of the surgeon's profession:
- helping people;
- saving lives (in case of successful surgical interventions);
- awareness of their own need and importance of their profession;
- a high level of wages in prestigious clinics of private ownership.
The surgeon needs:
- good health;
- stable nervous system;
- a responsibility;
- self-confidence and self-reliance;
- strength of will;
- emotional stamina;
Profession surgeon requires a highermedical education, which after completing a full five-year course of study in a single program in the treatment-prophylactic (or pediatric, if it is a question of pediatric surgery) faculty of the university.
The sixth year of training already consists of a program dealing directly with surgical activity.
In what institutions can a surgeon work?
These are institutions such as:
- public hospitals;
- traumatological points;
- private clinics;
- medical schools;
- higher educational institutions of medical specialization;
- scientific organizations;
- rescue service;
- Ministry of Emergency Situations;
- organization of military affairs;
- organization of sports profile.
Salary and career ladder
The surgeon's work is the skill on which thepeople's lives. It turns out that the surgeon gives people life, and it is priceless. But, despite the importance of the profession, the surgeon's salary level can not be called high. As a rule, this is an average or above-average level of earnings. Factors affecting the surgeon's income:
- place of work;
- work experience.
Profession surgeon has no special career prospects. The ladder consists of only two positions: the surgeon and the chief surgeon.
How to become a highly qualified surgeon
Surgeon - the future profession of students studying at the Medical Faculty of the State University or in one of the fifty profile universities of the Russian Federation.
The level of training of specialists and the quality of theirtraining are under the close supervision of the Federal Health Agency and the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation. In addition, the Russian medical education system provides for the functioning of special higher educational institutions and faculties in which doctors have the opportunity to receive a specific postgraduate education. To upgrade their professional qualifications, undergo various internships or courses, future doctors can be based on large-scale hospitals or research institutes in the scientific field.
To date, in the Russian Federation there are and are successfully carrying out their activities to improve the medical qualifications of doctors eight educational institutions.