Kazakh currency: description and photo
Kazakhstan is one of the last countries emerging fromcomposition of the USSR. And the state that received independence had its own national monetary units. The Kazakh currency is called "tenge". It was put into use on November 15, 1993.
Tenge received its name from the Turkicmedieval coins made of silver: "tanga" or "dengue". It was from them that the very word "money" happened. The modern Kazakh currency continued the ancient history of the cities of Taraz and Otrar. It was in them in the 13th century that coins were minted.
The first national money of Kazakhstan was printedthe British company Harrison and Sons. This required a special factory. At that time, it was not in Kazakhstan. It was opened only in 1995. To date, the Kazakh currency has 18 degrees of protection. The banking system of the state in modern times is very developed.
As a result, by the degree of protection of the statecurrency Kazakhstan was among the first at the world level. November 15 in the state is declared the Day of the national currency. And at the same time a professional holiday of financiers.
Banknotes in 1, 3 and 5 tenge have the sizes 124 х 62mm. The color of the front side is blue, gray-green and brown. All banknotes are marked with watermarks with Kazakh ornament. On the bills on the left, under the denomination, is an ornamental drawing. In the center of the bills are depicted various famous figures, formulas, landscapes and architectural structures.
The Kazakh currency is worth 10, 20, 50, 100,200, 500 and 1000 tenge has dimensions of 144 x 69 mm. All bills are made on white high-quality paper. The design of banknotes of each type of denomination is different, as are their colors.
The denominations of denomination in 5000 tenge is of the size 149x 74 mm. Printed on white paper. The colors are dominated by purple and brown. On the front side is a portrait of the famous philosopher. To the left of it are watermarks. Through the banknote, a metal thread is stretched, on which is printed the figure 5000 and there is the inscription "Kazakhstan". This bill has additional elements of protection against counterfeits.
In the year 2006the Kazakh currency of a new type came into use. Protection has been improved and design has been redesigned. The color palette and the size of the banknotes have changed. This allows you to navigate in bills unmistakably. All banknotes are made in one style. On the front side - a vertical image and horizontal on the reverse. Baiterek is one of the symbols of Kazakhstan.
Kazakh currency, exchange rate which is tied to the ruble, looks enoughbeautiful. Money in the form of coins were issued in 1993. They went into circulation in 1995. Coins are made of white nickel silver. On the obverse of coins with denominations of 1, 3 and 5 tenge is an image of a 16-corner ornamental rosette. The year of issue is written on the left. And at the bottom right - a large inscription Tenge. On the contour of the coin is a bead rim with a protruding edging. On metal money in denominations of 10 and 20 tenge are represented the emblem of Kazakhstan and the national ornament.
Now in the everyday life of the state there are banknotessix advantages - from 200 to 10,000 tenge. Coins have 7 denominations - from 1 to 100 tenge. In parallel with conventional metal money, collectible, jubilee coins are minted. They are made of nickel silver, silver and gold. For example, in 2009 the coin "Golden Leopard" was issued. It is made of gold (999.9 samples and face value of 500 tenge) and weighs 5 ounces.
How does the Kazakh currency relate to the ruble? In relation to Soviet money, the tenge rate in 1993 was 1: 500. Now the rate to the ruble is 5: 1, and the dynamics is practically unchanged.