Today, the world's leading religions aremonotheistic. In other words, they are based on faith in the only God. But once monotheism was a rarity, and most peoples believed in many higher powers. Monotheism before the spread of Christianity was present among the ancient Jews, and even in certain segments of existence
this people. Other nations were revered by many higher powers, including the Slavs. Unfortunately, in our time there is not much information about the faith of our ancient ancestors. It is known that the Slavic pantheon of the gods included many bright characters. For example, Yarilu, Svetovita, Kupailu, Kolyada, personified the sun. But the Slavic pantheon of the gods also contained the "functional" characters: Semargla, the ruler of death, Veles, the ruler of the deceased, the god Perun, whose activities made him something like the Greek thunderer Zeus, and Stribog, the master of the wind.
Interestingly, all the celibates worshiped by our ancestors were considered one
family. The Slavic pantheon of the gods came from the Rod. He was an ancestor of other supernatural beings and Slavs proper, according to their beliefs. In other words, there was a supreme being, the rest of the celestials were his assistants. The entire Slavic pantheon of the gods resembles a genealogical tree. Dachshur - Rod, his sons - Lada, Semargl, Makosh, Svarog. The grandsons were Dazhdbog, Yarilo and Khors. The next generation is people. Many Slavic tribes considered themselves to be children of Dazhdbog. The lowest level of this hierarchy is leche, banners, brownies, kikimors, mermaids and other mythical creatures. The Slavic pantheon of the gods contained characters whose life activity was associated with solar activity. For example, Horsa was revered in a period beginning with the winter solstice and ending with the vernal equinox.
The most famous of such deities was Yarilo. Our distant ancestors linked their faith in no small part to the Sun, which they revered. This explains the presence of "solar deities." The Slavic swastika, known as the Kolovrat, symbolized the Sun.
The pantheon of the Slavic pagan gods, basically,consisted of bright, kind forces. But the dualism of the vision of the world was peculiar to most peoples, and ours is no exception. Slavs revered Belbog (Svetovit) as the guardian of good, truth, purity. However, in their mythology there was also an antipode to it. Chernobog - the patron of the dark forces. Both participated in the activities and life of nature.
Veles was known as the patron of animals and plants. In general, he personified all the forces of nature. They tried to appease him to increase the livestock and the harvest.
The pantheon of the Slavic gods personified the forces of nature. But, on the other hand, he was anthropomorphic. That is, it was believed that the gods were in direct relationship with people.
Something from lexicology will help to understand faithSlavs are wider. The very word "god" in ancient times did not mean a certain omnipotent and supernatural beginning. It was used in the sense of "luck, happiness, share." This word has kept this meaning for a long time. Hence, apparently, and a wise statement attributed to A. Nevsky: "God is not in power, but in truth."