Goddess Tara: history, role in religion
In Buddhism, there are many divine patrons,which people appreciate, respect and idolize. One of them is the goddess Tara, who is referred to as a star from the ancient Sanskrit language. Let's learn the history of Tara, why it is divided into several colors and what role it plays in religious beliefs.
The Main Goddess
The Hindu goddess is also called the Merciful, andThe Savior. It was not made of flesh and blood, but it was beautiful and incredible. The famous patron appeared from the tear of the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara, who took in life the only solution - to renounce worldly goods and other joys for the sake of freeing other people. For this, the bodhisattva often reflected on peace and suffering, mourned all the misfortunes and pain. One day Avalokitesvara was on the shore of a lake, and a tear fell to the surface. Imagine this wonderful moment when a lotus first emerged from one drop, and then he grew up into the beautiful goddess Tara. After which, according to the history in Buddhism, she became the wife of a Bodhisattva and people began to call her Merciful.
Both in Buddhism and in Hinduism, Tara is referred tothe main Mother of all living things, which can create a unique and unique world, and destroy it. The manifestation and presentation of the patroness can be traced in 21 images, where there is White, Red and Green Tara. Therefore, a new question arises: "How do they differ from each other?".
The essence of the Divine Mother
Tears of Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara created a femalemanifestation of the worldly sufferer. However, the essence in this incarnation went a completely different way - the goddess began to travel the world and enlighten people. That is why Tara is revered throughout the East: in Tibet, India, Mongolia, Buryatia, and some regions of China and Nepal.
The main task of the Most Merciful is to bring to people,that there is no difference between a woman and a man on a spiritual level, so all people can achieve rebirth. Accordingly, karma, as a cause-and-effect relationship, is accumulated throughout life, and every merit (negative, positive) will influence future reincarnation. Tara also told us that there is a Samsara wheel where all souls will be reborn regularly until they all leave the endless cycle. Until then, the Savior will be present in the life of all people, enlighten them and teach how to move into the true and immortal world of Nirvana.
It can be safely said that the goddess Tara is the eternal reincarnation of Avalokitesvara, because it was his tears, pure and sincere, that could create a divine image in a female guise.
The Image of the Merciful Mother
Not without reason in the translation from Sanskrit the goddess Tarameans "star". It literally glows with bright rays that can guide lost souls in the dark abyss. She is portrayed in a female image, sitting in a lotus pose. The main feature of the statue or icon is that the Merciful has seven eyes. We see three eyes on the face (one of them on the forehead, personifying providence), two on the palms of the inside, two more on the soles of the feet. Eyes - a symbol of the fact that Tara sees everything wherever she is. Therefore, the goddess will help everyone who really needs it.
The icons also depict a female silhouette in the nudeappearance, where the upper part is completely open and the breast is bare, and the legs in the lotus posture are covered with a light veil or are decorated with numerous ornaments. Among all the divine beings in Hinduism and Buddhism, Tara has a truly beautiful image. Drawing it, to it add a lot of flowers, seaweed and, of course, lotuses, which gave rise to the wise Savior.
However, the images of the Mother may not coincide anddiffer from each other, because in the iconography distinguish 21 different manifestations of the goddess. Of these, the female essence takes more than five forms, which differ in colors. In other words, these five forms are each depicted in its own color, considered sacred in Buddhism - white, red, yellow, blue and green. The reasons for such changes are simple: each shade represents one of the universal forms, for example, red - the sun, and white - the ocean. In any case, this is how the poets and philosophers of the East interpret them.
White Tara is a symbol of longevity. She patronizes those who regularly engage in spiritual practices, such as meditation and yoga. In Buddhism it is believed that this manifestation represents the spiritual conjugal relationship between the bodhisattva and the Merciful.
It is a female image, sitting either ina lotus posture, or with a stitched left foot. Sometimes in the iconography you can see a divine being that dances. To distinguish the White Tara from its other manifestations is not difficult - on all images and statuses a blooming lotus will be seen, and its throne, as a rule, is decorated with these flowers.
The goddess still has 7 eyes, whose locationdoes not change depending on its images. Another feature of the Merciful is the gesture of the left hand, which is complex in the form of the mudra of knowledge (jnana mudra), that is, the thumb and index finger lightly touch each other forming a circle, and the remaining fingers are straightened. This gesture proves that White Tara is a preacher who shows that it is possible to prolong life and remove all obstacles.
In Buddhism and Hinduism, the mantra of the female imagehelp to cure serious illnesses and sometimes even avoid death. The reason is simple: reading the coveted words allows you to accumulate energy that can suppress the disease. The only condition is a clear fulfillment of the requirements during the reading of the mantras, so Lama is often invited to help in calling the mercy and wisdom of the White Tara.
Red Tara represents love and magic inmany of its manifestations. She and healer, and sorceress. It is an image of an energetic essence in a female guise whose skin is depicted in a bright red color. In Eastern religions, this manifestation is sometimes called Kurukulla, which means "the source of wisdom."
Red Tara has four arms and two legs. Kurukulla is never depicted without his arrows and bow, which are always directed in any direction. Sharp arrows do not cause fear, because they are decorated with bright and motley flowers. Often this is interpreted as follows: where the arrow hits, everything will prosper and become richer.
Sometimes the image of Kurukulla can scare: on the head of the female form is a crown of skulls, the hair is black as pitch, flying away in different directions and raised as if in a flame. On the neck hangs a huge necklace to the knees, which, just like the crown, is made of human skulls.
Red Tara is seductive, often showsfeminity of the goddess. In Buddhism and Hinduism, this image represents good and evil, which in the wild movement of chaos replace each other. That is why Kurukulla symbolizes both attraction, and charm, and love, and sympathy, and joy, and wisdom, and compassion, and negativity. The main feature of the manifestation of the Merciful is that Red Tara was able to overcome the ego, thereby opening the way to enlightenment and self-awareness.
The Yellow Goddess
Often the Yellow Tara is depicted in orange,which also represents wisdom. In religious beliefs, the goddess is called Vasundhara - the image that gives peace and prosperity, and wealth, and longevity, and glory, and happiness.
In iconography we also see a female image,which is already six hands. He, like all manifestations of the Merciful, has seven eyes, which proves her vigilance. Yellow Tara is able to protect people from fears and problems, scaring away their bright and intense color. And in the most difficult times, the goddess will come to the rescue and guide her to the true path.
Vasundhara is active, and the brighter it is depicted,the more energy in it that she transmits to all living things. This manifestation gives a chance to reveal their talents, so reading mantras can improve intellect and eloquence. Vasundhara is a symbol of the fact that happiness and abundance can be found not only in physical manifestation, but also in the spiritual world. That is why we must destroy rudeness, poverty and anger in order to feel far from material wealth. Also the goddess tells us about karmic laws, where our actions predetermine our future rebirths. It is Yellow Tara that teaches us to share, give material things and not have affection for them.
The Blue Goddess
Blue or Blue Tara, perhaps the most powerful of all the manifestations of the Merciful. It helps the soul to get out of the eternal cycle - the wheels of Samsara, therefore it is often called the Savior.
In the iconography it seems to us in the form of a femaleappearance, the color of which - from blue-black to blue. It embodies not only wisdom and activity, but the other side of these feelings is anger. The main task of the Blue Tara is to free the soul from the wheel and stop this cycle of illusory existence. The power of the goddess is enough to prevent it, and sometimes save a person from dangers. The manifestation of the Divine Mother directs to the true path, illuminating the road in pitch darkness and protecting from troubles and misfortunes.
It is believed that the Blue Goddess personifies the familyhearth, which she guards. This image helps to cope with anger, fighting for injustice. Reading mantras allows you to adjust your life, especially if you ask a wise and powerful goddess to protect you. Philosophical treatises of the East say that the Blue Tara helps to change lives, improving karma, which in the future allows a person to find spirituality and get out of the wheel of Samsara.
The Green Goddess
The Green Tara is sometimes called Droljang. She, like all manifestations of the goddess, personifies wisdom and protection. However, Green Tara is also a consoler who listens to human pleas. The goddess has compassion, helping those who really need it. She appreciates the love of family and care for children. Droljang in religious belief is a female image that has attained enlightenment and was able to reach Nirvana. This once again proves that Tara in all its manifestations was able to prove that there is no difference between a man and a woman, the representatives of both sexes are able to open their soul and free the mind.
It is an image in a green guise,who sits on the lotus throne. In the iconography, you can see that this Tara lowered her right foot, and with her right hand calls and wishes everyone good. It shows her gesture - varada-mudra, which looks like an open palm, laid and relaxed by the inner side up. But the left hand says that the Green Tara protects. About this is a gesture abhaya-mudra, which looks like an open palm directed towards you, the inside of the outside. The gesture looks like the hand shows: "Stop!" Distinctive features of the image - a lotus in the flowering process or a beautiful lily, whose petals are painted in a gentle blue color.
Mantra, praising the Merciful and dedicated signs
If you want to call for the protection of the goddess Tara,it is important to understand: each of its manifestations is accompanied by the reading of certain mantras. For example, to invoke the White Goddess, one must read in the Sanskrit cherished words: "Oṃ Tāre Tuttāre Ture Mama Ayuḥ Punya Jñānā Puṣtiṃ Kuru Svāhā". Do not be afraid of the ancient language, because it easily lends itself to transliteration and will sound like this: "Om Tare Tuttare Ture Mama Ayur Punya Gnyana Pushtim Kuru Svaha." Every word in the mantra encourages the Merciful, asking for wisdom, longevity, happiness in life.
- The green face of the goddess: "Om Tare Tutare Ture Sokha".
- Mantra to the goddess Tare in all 21 manifestations: "Om Chom Dan De Ma Lha Ma Dro Ma La Chag Tsel Lo Chag Tsal Drol Ma Tare Pal Mo Tuttara Yi Ji Kun Sel Ma Toure Dong Nam Tham Che Ter Ma Svata Yi Gere Cha La Rabe Du Om."
- Red Tara: "Om Tare Tam Soha".
The signs of the goddess Tara are distinctive objectsor the colors that surround themselves by following feng shui in order to attract the attention of a powerful and wise Mother. Basically it is a lotus (a living flower, an image). In iconography, you can see that often the tara uses powerful and effective mudras - yoga of the fingers, which embodies both protection, longevity, and knowledge.
If you want to start practicing such a spiritualpractice as a meditation, then you can include mantras in the audio recordings. This is useful for those who have not yet memorized all the words from the prayer. At this time, surround yourself with purity and harmony, remove excess shy clothing.
Tara of the Vedas
Patroness and powerful goddessis found not only in Buddhism and Hinduism, but also in the ancient Vedas. Unlike the Merciful, the knowing Tara is the daughter of Perun, who protects the forests. Also represents a female image - pure and unblemished, that with its rays illuminates even the darkest thicket of the forest.
Tara in the Vedas is a strong goddess of nature whoteaches us that we are all part of a single whole, connected by an invisible thin thread. It does not represent either a woman or a man, but, conversely, all the living things that are around. Tara teaches us how to correctly understand the universe and be in harmony with it. Surprisingly, this goddess proves the unity of peoples, because they worshiped in different places and cultures and asked for protection from Tara. Both Buddhists and Vedas have this female image called Savior, only presented in different interpretations.
The Divine Mother teaches us that we should notbuild a framework, separate men and women. It shows that it is possible to stop the eternal wheel of Samsara, to comprehend Nirvana by self-consciousness. It is important only to give up worldly goods and direct our forces to positive activities that would clean our karma. And until then, the wise and strong Tara will always protect and guide, help and liberate, love and inspire.