Tsiperus: Care and Reproduction

Tsiperus (lat.Cyperus) is a perennial plant that belongs to the sedge family. It grows in the tropics and subtropics in close proximity to water. In natural places of growth forms thickets up to one and a half meters.

Other names of this plant are: syat, citovnik.Since in ancient times it was used for making paper, it is also customary to call the plant "cyperus papyrus". The genus Cyperus includes more than 400 species, of which only some are used for cultural cultivation. This is the cyperus sprawling, cyperus papyrus and cyperus alternate.

Representatives of the genus have direct herbaceousstems, on the top of which a whorl is formed resembling the spokes of an open umbrella. From the adjacent nodes, light green elongated linear leaves leave. The plant blooms, depending on the species, in April-September. From the center of umbrellas grow small greenish, and later - brownish, spikelets, reminiscent of those of cereals. Thus, thin peduncles grow from a common point, like the inflorescence of dill. On them appear small white tsiperusa flowers.

As a flower, cyperus is unattractive.It is valued for its leaves, forming hedgerows. The plant is planted along artificial reservoirs or in their center, forming an islet. Tsiperus, care for which is quite simple, is available for cultivation to any florist.

Tsiperus: care of the plant

Original, shade-tolerant and hygrophilous -such is the decorative cyperus. Care is mastered in order to decorate the aquariums and shaded areas of the rooms, as well as to create small artificial lakes on a loggia, terrace or balcony. It is desirable to keep the plant at a temperature of about twenty degrees. At higher temperatures, an increase in air humidity is necessary. Optimal lighting - partial shade or diffuse light. Direct light must be avoided. Tsiperus needs daily spraying and watering. It is necessary to provide him with very high air humidification. For these purposes, the pot with the plant can be placed in a deep pan. It is necessary that it always had water. Feed the plant enough once in 15 days.

Tsiperusu fit soddy soils with a smalladdition of sand. Tsiperus, care for which is more to ensure the humidity of the air and soil - rather unpretentious hardy plant. Every year in spring it must be transplanted. He does not fit a very spacious pot. The following soil mixture can be used: clay-turf (2), peat (1), sheet (1), sand (1).

Tsiperus: reproduction of a plant

The main methods of breeding cyperus: growing from seeds, rooting in the water of green cuttings and division of the bush during transplantation.

Reproduction from cyperus seeds is possible in domesticconditions if his pollination occurs. However, this is not always effective, and seeds are desirable to acquire. Seeding is carried out in the spring. They need to create a high humidity and a normal temperature. To root the cuttings, they are lowered into the water, and the point of growth of the leaves should be lower. After the appearance of roots, cuttings can be planted in pots. Multiplication by bush division is performed with annual transplantation of the cyperus. The necessary part of the plant is separated and planted in a separate pot, provide the required conditions.

Possible problems with dilution of the cyperus maybe associated only with insufficient watering and air dryness. This is manifested in the yellowing and drying of the leaves. In this case, they are cut off, and the plant is renewed. To stimulate growth, also remove the yellowing stems. If there is a shortage of food or a cramped pot, the plant ceases to grow. Pests include spider mites and scutes.