Social services at home - types and forms of social services

Social services at home need peoplein a difficult life situation. According to the State standards of social services, circumstances that objectively violate the life activity of a person are considered to be a difficult life situation. Such situations include disability, illness, advanced age and, accordingly, inability to self-service.

Legislation in the Russian Federation, social service at home involves the provision of social services of several types.

Socio-medical: aimed at improving and maintaining the health of clients (for example, providing sanitation services, assisting in obtaining pre-medical care, etc.).

Social and domestic: are aimed at ensuring the life of the citizen in everyday life (for example, buying and delivery of food at home, hot meals, industrial goods, assistance in cooking).

Socio-psychological: for example, the provision of psychological help, including conversation, communication, listening.

Social and pedagogical services are needed for citizens who need to receive education at home.

Socio-economic: aimed at maintaining the living standards of needy citizens (for example, assistance in obtaining benefits or benefits).

Social and legal services are in demand in the case ofthe need to protect the legitimate rights and interests of citizens (for example, assisting in the preparation of documents or obtaining assistance from an attorney in the manner prescribed by law).

Who can provide social services at home?

First, they are state institutionssocial services that provide social services to various categories of citizens (the elderly, the disabled). Complex social service centers provide both free social services, guaranteed by the state and additional (on terms of partial or full payment).

Secondly, as subjects of grantingsocial services, according to the Federal Law "On the Basics of Social Services for the Population", may be enterprises, institutions and citizens engaged in entrepreneurial activities for the social services of the population.

Not always citizens who need social services at home can benefit from state-guaranteed social services.

So, for example, to be credited tohome-based service in government agencies should provide a whole list of documents. This includes the conclusion of the establishment of health care that the client needs social care at home and he has no contraindications. It is also necessary to provide an act of the applicant's material and domestic situation; as well as income statements; on the composition of the family and family relations, etc.

Often, older citizens or people with disabilities find it easier to use the services of a private social service than to register with a government social service institution.

In addition, the social service canneed not only lonely citizens. With the employment that many Russians are experiencing today, it is very difficult to overcome some family circumstances. For example, in the case of an illness of an elderly relative, the care of a nurse is simply necessary. And if the grandmother or grandfather is in another city?

Social care at home is that sphereentrepreneurial activity, which in Russia is not yet fully developed, but will always be in demand. Social services can be created regardless of the form of ownership.

Paid social services are provided to citizenson the basis of a contract concluded with social services. A written contract should determine the types of social services, the frequency of their provision, the procedure and amount of payment, the rights and obligations of the parties.