Herbaceous fodder plant family of legumes: the most common species
Herbaceous fodder plant family of legumes inRussia is represented by several options. First of all it is white, pink or red clover. It has remarkable forage qualities, is rich in protein and is successfully used as a feed for livestock (hence the name - fodder plant).
The most common culture is exactlyred clover, which in our country has been cultivated for more than two hundred years. The plant likes moist soil, fertilized with organic and mineral mixtures, it develops well on neutral or slightly acidic soils. The pink variety is more demanding to the ground and has a slightly bitter taste, therefore it is worse eaten by animals.
There is another valuable herbaceous foragea plant of the legume family. This is alfalfa. Culture is common because of high digestibility of fodder and record fertility in the southern regions. When providing heat and moisture, you can get up to 7 cuttings (about 250 centners of hay) per hectare. On plots with no additional watering, you can collect about 90 centners per hectare for 2-3 mowing within one season.
Such a forage plant of the legume family, assainfoin, grows well on chernozems, in the forest-steppe and steppe. It can successfully develop on stony soils rich in lime, it is a medon. Esparcet is cultivated mainly in the North Caucasus, tolerates droughts, giving about 22 fodder units per centner of a crop when consumed by animals.
Another herbaceous fodder plant familyLegumes have been known since the time of Ancient Rome and is called "Vic". It is grown in the Caucasus, in some central regions of Russia, as well as in Belarus. Grain, silage, hay and green forage are obtained from the crop. The latter contains 22 feed units per centner of mass. From one hectare, observing agrotechnics, it is possible to collect up to 20 centners of grain or about 250 centners of green plant mass, which makes the crop very attractive for participation in crop rotation in livestock farms.
Where the most unpretentious grassy growsfodder plant family of legumes? In terms of resistance to external influences, the rank is in the lead. Its high frost resistance (withstands temperatures to minus seven degrees Celsius), low demand for soils, and drought resistance, make it possible to extend the cultivation area to Western Siberia. The vegetative period (about 112 days) makes it possible to obtain in the central zone of Russia about 230 quintals of plants in green form or about 17 quintals of grain per hectare. Culture is eagerly eaten by horses and sheep, less readily consumed by cattle.
The herbaceous plant of the legume lupine family wasknown in ancient Egypt. It was used to feed both animals and humans (beans). Today it is used for obtaining green fertilizers, as well as forage crops. From one hectare of yellow lupine, it is possible to harvest up to 400 centners of plant green mass or about 15 quintals of grain. In this case, the plant does not contain dangerous alkaloids, since in the mid-1930s new varieties that meet the requirements of food safety were introduced in the USSR.
In addition, in the western regions of Russia and in Belarusyou can find a culture such as seradella, which is perfectly suited for poor sandy loamy and sandy soils. When applying manure from one hectare it is possible to obtain up to 298 centners of green mass, which goes to feed cattle. Also, the culture quickly grows after mowing, which provides excellent opportunities for grazing animals.