The most common suits of horses with photos and names
One of the key features of a horse that allowsdistinguish one breed from another, is its suit - a combination of the coloration of the animal's hair with the color of the eyes and skin. This property is inherited and develops in the process of growing up: it is difficult to determine the color of a foal at birth. More confident conclusions can be made after the first molt (usually 7-8 months after it was born).
The colors of horses with photos and names are of interest to many lovers of these strong, hardy, strong and unpretentious animals.
Colors: general information
The most common are bay, gray, red and black horses. With photographs and names familiarity with species and breeds of pets is greatly facilitated.
On the succulence of the color of the main suit, uniformitycoloring, specific features indicate podmastki (more than 50 species), which are mistakenly referred to in conversation as suits, although it is a question of the varieties of the latter (for example, red-tiger, gray in apples).
Sometimes for a more reliable and correctdescription of the color at the same time, two or more names of horses' suits can be used (for example, dark golden-bay, light-brown in apples). There are breeds that have absorbed one suit:
- sparkling - haflingers;
- black - friezes;
- red - donchaki.
The suit may predominate in the breed. A vivid example:
- Budennovskaya (80% of the redheads);
- Andalusian (80% gray);
- Russian horse (most of black).
Also there are variegated breeds.In particular, the Akhal-Teke horse is worthy of attention. The colors collected in this breed: black, red, bay, gray, isabellum, brown, salt, karakova. Akhalteke people were bred more than 5 thousand years ago and had an important influence on the development of many breeds.
Oy you are a black horse
Voronaya suits breeders horses is the most popular and is recognized by a uniformly black, with a brilliant bluish tint, the color of the trunk, mane and tail.
A horse of black color is associated with somethingmystical, often in a negative way. Since ancient times, equestrians on horses of black coloring were catching up with fear and provoked panic among others. The headless rider from the film "Sleepy Hollow", the Nazgull from the "Brotherhood of the Ring", Woland and his retinue from the "Master and Margarita" - they all sat on black blacks. The same suit was the famous Bucephalus - a real historical figure, who died in the rescue of his beloved master Alexander of Macedon.
Bearers only black color are friezes - beautiful, blue-black, without a single mark of the horse, bred in Holland.
Representatives of the black color of horses (photo and name indicate the diversity of color of animals) are found among many breeds, including:
- Ariege (French arieuwizard);
The black color palette
Voronaya in the sun ("karyaya" in Old Russian) -podmastok, characterized by rusty, sunburned hair ends. In summer, with prolonged exposure to sunlight, and also because of the instability of the pigment, the horse can temporarily change its color to a dirty brown color. In the winter, the color of the animal is restored.
Vorono-piebald - an unusually elegant variationsuits, prominent white spots of large size, chaotically scattered across the trunk. The bright contrast between black and white invariably attracts attention, especially with the same unequal color of the limbs.
Ash-black is a black color podmastk, characterized by a less saturated color with a specific chestnut or dark brown tint.
Raven-chalaya. The trunk of the horse looks ashy, although in reality the hairs of the wool are alternately painted white and black.
Karakova - a variety of black color, recognizable by:
- black coloring of the trunk, mane, tail, limbs;
- light brown tan marks in the eyes and nostrils, in the groin and on the belly.
Many specialists color this type of allocated in a separate suit, but some consider it the darkest variation of bay suits.
Gedaya color and its variations
Horses of horses with photos and namesMany fans of these magnificent animals are attracted by interest. If the horse is completely painted in red-brown color, and its mane, tail and sometimes legs (in the lower part) are black, the animal can be safely attributed to the bay suits. The horse's breeding horse is widespread and is found in almost all breeds, and only in the Cleveland (Great Britain) there are no other colors - this is the distinctive sign of the breed.
- Dark-bay horse is characterized by a richbrown, in some cases almost black coloring of the back, croup, sometimes lateral, upper part of the head, neck. The rest of the body is characterized by a lighter tone.
- Light-bay - the animal is uniformly colored inreddish, light or gray-brown tone. Lower abdomen, areas around the eyes, muzzle - a few tones lighter. In the mane and tail, there is an admixture of brown hair. Coloring legs - a mixture of black and brown colors.
- The reindeer-bay combined in itself variations of bay suits: muzzle, throat and belly zone are painted in a light tone; back, croup, sides, neck, upper part of head - dark brown
- Podlasaya - stands out very light, almostwhite markings around the eyes, mouth, in the groin, the internal parts of the limbs. Subalpine is also observed in the karate, red or rosaceous suits of horses.
Photo and name of the breeds colorfully convey the specific characteristics of animals, genuinely loved and revered by man.
Red color and its derivatives
Representatives of the red color are characterized byuniform red coloration of wool (from yellow and light apricot to dark chestnut tones). The mane and tail can be painted in a darker color, although there are specimens with a white tail and mane, which acquire such color depending on the season. The key difference from bay suits is the identity of the color of the trunk and legs. The most common shades are light, dark, golden-red.
Red horse color is characteristic of many breeds:
- Breton (France);
- Suffolk (England);
- Belgian (Belgium);
- Russian and Soviet (Russia);
- Frederiksborg (Denmark).
Variation of red is a brown suit,meeting in dark and light colors. The darkest version of the brown suit can be mistaken for a dark bay: the chocolate body, the mane with tail are close to black color. The difference is in the color of the lower part of the legs: for a brown horse, their color is the same as the color of the hull.
Light-brown podmastok recognize the light brown color of the coat, without the presence of red tones.
Igrene color: signs
The names of horse suits are diverse and in theirThe extensive list includes such name, as "sparkling". An animal of this color is characterized by a trunk of brown or rusty hue, a mane and a tail of smoky or white color. The latter, unlike the red horse, does not change within a year. In its purest form, the igrene suits are found only in two breeds: the haflinger and the heavy Belgian.
Breeds that have in their population of horses a sparkling suit:
- Russian Soviet heavyweights;
- Germanic Yutland and Schleswig;
- Austrian Norian.
Description of Gray Horses
Horse color in black and white color is inherent in graysuit. The combination of shades in different proportions and configurations is found in dark gray, light gray and ermine (light body, almost black tail with mane) variants. The admixture of white hairs can increase with every molt.
Gray in apples is the most frequent and incredibly beautiful variety of gray suits, characterized by the presence of light spots on the body that duplicate the network of subcutaneous blood vessels.
The gray suit is common in the Oryol trotters (1/2 of the livestock) and the Arabian horses (more than a third). The colors of horses with photos are surprising in the variety of colors and shades.
The following breeds are carriers of gray suits:
- Lippician (Spanish);
- Perseronian, Camargue and Boulogne (French);
- shagia (Arabic, grown in Hungary);
- Lusitano (Portuguese);
- Andalusian (Spanish);
- Terek (Russian).
The white color of the horse is a variation of the gray andcharacterized by a natural white color. In the West, even the corresponding breed was born - American white. Mistakenly these animals are called "albinos", but in reality it is not.
Specificity of gray suit
Foal of gray suit can appear in the lightblack, but as he grows up, at the expense of growing white hairs brighten, becoming light-gray to his "majority", and after a few years - gray. The head and stomach are the parts of the body that grow gray fastest.
The speed of clarification of gray horses is individual,some whites become completely white by the age of 3-4. And on the body can appear small dark spots. Other horses remain dark until old age.
The rough suit against the others stands outyellowish-sandy or golden color of the trunk, black mane, tail and lower legs. Along the back is allowed the passage of a dark strip, called a "belt". The suit has different color schemes, including reddish or light-bay. There are brown horses of bright yellow color with golden tint. On the legs may be zebristye strips, inherited from the tarpan - the extinct wild ancestors.
- Light Bulana. The main background color is pale yellow, light sand, white. Strap of dark color. On the legs there is sometimes an admixture of light hair.
- The dark-brown. Has a reddish or brownish-yellow color of the trunk, a black belt.
The remaining suits of horses with photos and names
Representatives of a solo suit (otherwise known as "palomino") are characterized by a golden-yellowish uniform color of the trunk, white mane, the same tail.
Solovye horses can appear in the light in white color, have pinkish skin, which eventually darkens. Presumably, the solo suit originates from the Arabian horses.
Cream wool, pink skin, blue orgreen eyes. The coat is quite rare, one of the purest and strongest on the genetic line, combined with a solo and a balan. By the way, other colors (except for pie and chubara) are inherent in the gray color of the skin.
Izabellovye are found among the Akhal-Tekehorses, kin horses, some breeds of ponies. The suit is named after the Spanish queen Isabella Clara Eugenia, who, according to an old legend, vowed not to take off her white shirt until her husband took a large Belgian port. The siege lasted 3 years, during which time the shirt changed its color. Indeed, it was during the reign of Queen Isabella that the yellow suits of horses became popular.
A "wild" suit with characteristic featuresnative breeds. A prominent representative is Przewalski's horse. Uneven pale-red body color, more light in the abdomen. The lower regions of the limbs are black, the same color, sometimes with a mixture of brown and light strands near the tail with a mane.
On the body along the ridge there is a black-brown,a pronounced band ("strap"), on the legs there are zebra stripes. Sometimes there is a black edging of the ears, "wings" - transverse, slightly blurred bands of dark color on the shoulders and "hoarfrost" - white tail strands.
The horse's caurai suit has a second name -"Red-haired". Its representatives are characterized by a reddish color of the trunk and legs, a brownish-red mane with a tail. Necessarily there is a "strap" of reddish-red color. Some specimens may have "zebra".
"Wild" suit, well recognized by the ash-gray(in some specimens with a brownish hue) the color of the coat. The mane with its tail is black. The case is colored unevenly. There may be a "belt" and "zebroid" marks on the legs. Another name for the suit is Vorono-Savrasaya.
A sign of a common suit that does not change withage, is a rich admixture of white hair on the main background of any color. In this case, white wool is practically absent on the legs (lower parts) and head, retaining their basic tone.
It is formed on the basis of "background" suits. On the trunk of the animal chaotically scattered small patches of irregularly-oval shape, having the color of the main suit. The background is formed by an admixture of white wool to the main color.
Also a characteristic sign of chubara suitsA symmetrical white mark in the sacrum is considered. Sometimes it can be located almost on the entire body of the animal. Horsetails of chubar color are inherent in pink (in specks) skin color, as well as "longitudinally striped" color of hooves.
To the chubar suit is the Appaloosa breedhorses (America). There is this suit in some lines of the Austrian breed - the Norician. Aboriginal breeds of bright exotic suits are inherent in the Kazakh, Mongolian, Altai. This fact involuntarily leads to the idea that the woolly suit originated in the territory of Central Asia.
It is distinguished by large white markings of irregular shape, randomly scattered along the main background of any of the suits. This is the horse's piebald color - attracting attention, bright, with exotic appearance.
In America it is very popular and enjoys loveinveterate horse breeders painthors - a breed of piebald horses. In past times, piebald color, mostly common among native breeds and workhorses, was unloved among the population, considered "gypsy", "cow", "plebeian".