Genres of officially business style and their diversity
Officially, business style is the language of designbusiness documentation. We all know what a sea of business papers exists today. This diversity determines the moment that genres of officially business style of speech practically do not give in to the account. But it is still possible to reveal their general laws, and we will try to do this in this article.
Basic features of officially business styleare as follows. It is embodied as a language of service to the social and legal sphere and is used in lawmaking, the economic sphere, administration of administrative affairs and in international diplomatic activity. In short, it is the language of documents that govern the actions of people and have great legal significance. Therefore, their content should have a common interpretation and not mislead people.
List all genres of officially business style,as we said earlier, it is very difficult, but you can call the main ones. These include: a contract, a statement, an order, a decree, a power of attorney, an announcement, a certificate, legislative acts, documents of various scale and significance, etc. All of them are characterized by the emphasized logicality of the presentation, the absence of signs of emotionality, officiality, and abound in standardized phrases and language clichés, compiled using the Old Church Slavonic phrases and archaic vocabulary. All genres of officially business style of speech, except for the information part, have a certain form of filling in business paper. This form carries the name of the props and is stipulated by GOST. That is, none of the documents that are of national importance, can not be issued in a free order. each of them has a standard form, to which it is strictly obeyed.
Requisites that have genres officiallyThe business style is fixed strictly in a certain part of the sheet of paper or on the finished form. The name of the document, the date of its creation, the registration number (incoming or outgoing), as well as all the necessary information about the person who compiled this document, has a permanent location. And it looks like this: the name, date and number - at the top, and personal information - at the bottom of the document, and after the signature responsible for the compilation of the text.
Today, genres of officially business styleas much as possible are thought out and there are special sets of requisites that are printed on ready-made standard forms, which are recommended for use in the compilation of one or another business paper. These include: the State Emblem of the Russian Federation, the emblem of the organization, the image of various government awards, the digital codes of institutions, the names of ministries and enterprises, and structural divisions. Required requisites include postal requisites: index, telegraph address, telephone numbers, teletypes, faxes and bank accounts. Some genres of officially business style are supplied with the restriction of access restriction.
Basic features of officially business stylemost clearly can be demonstrated on one of the most popular types of business papers - a contract. It fixes legal relations arising between legal entities and individuals and is filled in when concluding any transactions. Terms of the contract are divided into paragraphs and subparagraphs, which specify the nature, conditions, terms of the transaction, as well as the rights and obligations of the parties. There must be at least seven such modules in each agreement that is drawn up correctly. This: the representation of the parties involved in the transaction, the definition of the subject of the contract, the obligation of the parties, their responsibility, the conditions under which settlement and the terms of the contract will be made, as well as postal, legal and payment requisites.
Any other business paper is also filled in according to the strictly accepted procedure in the state bodies.