How to change oil in the engine yourself - instruction
Oil is an integral part of anyengine. Without lubrication, the motor can catch a wedge. That is why it is important to change and monitor its level on time. This component refers to consumables and requires periodic replacement. Ignoring this procedure is fraught with increased wear of the crank mechanism components. To ensure that the motor is stable and trouble-free, you should know how to properly replace the oil in the engine of the car. We'll talk about this in our today's article.
Where can I replace the oil in the engine?
There are several options. This operation can be performed on the SRT or with your own hands. The first method is suitable for those who have little free time or the machine is under warranty. After all, in the case of ignoring the TO, the dealer may refuse further repairs.
And there can not be anybody's own replacementconfirmed. How much does it cost to replace the engine oil? Usually this procedure is carried out for STO for 500-1000 rubles, depending on the brand and model of the car. But if you have an hour of spare time and the car has not been guaranteed for a long time, you can put oil into the engine yourself.
How often should I perform this operation? Terms of replacement on all cars are different. The exact figure can be found in the service book or in the operating instructions. Also note that the regulations depend on which oil is poured into the engine. So, the synthetic changes on the run of 12 thousand kilometers. Semisynthetics - after 10 thousand. But the mineral oil needs to be changed every 6-8 thousand. This is the cheapest among all available for sale. What kind of oil should be poured into the engine? Specialists recommend using synthetic or semi-synthetic products. They have good performance characteristics.
Please note that when you purchase a car onThe secondary market, this operation should be done immediately. Exceptions are only cases where a replacement was made in the service and there is appropriate confirmation. In other situations, oil should be changed immediately after purchase, even if the seller insisted that he was producing it just the other day.
Note that, if the car is operated in harsh conditions, the regulations should be reduced by about 20-30 percent. These conditions include:
- Large temperature changes.
- The terrain.
- Aggressive manner of riding.
- Frequent traffic on traffic jams.
Tools and materials
First of all, for successful replacement we needprepare the oil itself. Producers can be different. The main thing is that the product should meet the tolerances that are available in the operating instructions. In terms of viscosity, for most regions, products from 0w30 to 15w40 are suitable.
The next thing to prepare is an oil filter. Among high-quality manufacturers it is worth noting:
But the market has a lot of fakes. These filters are not cheap. A puller is also needed to retrieve the old item. Without it, not do. This is a special key with a toothed grip. Its cost is about 300-400 rubles.
It is necessary to prepare a container for discharging the work. If you plan to replace the oil in the engine without a pit, the container should be as flat as possible. As such, you can use an old canister from the oil, cutting out its side. The capacity should be about four to five liters. Still need tools to unscrew the cork. The latter can have different forms. Depending on the brand, you may need a key for 17, 19 or a tetrahedron. In addition, you need a watering can and a piece of clean rags.
How much oil should I buy?
For most cars with volumeengine to two liters is enough for one four-liter canister. For SUVs and crossovers it is worth buying a five-liter capacity. But if the engine "eats up" the oil (which is important for cars with high mileage), you can buy the product with a margin. For example, for a motor 2.0 to buy a five-liter canister, from which one liter will go to the topping.
Before you replace the oil in the engine yourself,you need to change its viscosity. To do this, let the machine run idle for about three minutes. The oil warms up and becomes more liquid. Especially this procedure is relevant if the operation is performed in the winter.
So, having prepared all the tools and warming upcar, get to work. How to replace the oil in the engine? First we drive the car to the inspection pit. If there is not one, you can improvise a small overpass. To do this, you need a pair of boards about a meter in length, bricks or cinder block. Having driven the car to this structure, we will get more space to carry out the work. But be very careful.
Most cars are equipped with metalmotor protection. Sometimes there are holes for the drain plug. But if there is not one, you will have to remove the whole defense. Usually this is done with a key of 13. Next, we will have access to the drain neck. The latter also needs to be unscrewed. As we said earlier, for this you need a combination of keys of different sizes, "torso" (if the bolt is in the form of an asterisk) or a tetrahedron.
Preliminary under the hole must be putcapacity for working off. Then unscrew the bolt, holding it with the second hand. It is important not to lose it, because it is not possible to find a similar in the garage. Moreover, many plugs have a special O-ring. It is made of metal or rubber. The cork is placed in a clean and dry place (you can on a prepared rag). Then we wait until all the oil has merged from the motor. To speed up this process, it is necessary to unscrew the filler cap on the top of the motor. So we exclude the effect of vacuum. As a rule, it takes 15-20 minutes for the oil to leave the engine completely.
The next step is to unscrew the old oneoil filter. Depending on the engine arrangement, access to it is carried out from above or from below. But in any case, to remove it, you will need a remover, which we mentioned above. Grasping the teeth by the edge of the body, turn the filter counterclockwise. Then you can unscrew it with your hands. But be careful - from under it can pour out about three hundred milliliters of oil. Keep this filter down with a glass.
What if the stripper was not at hand? It is very difficult to unscrew such a filter manually. You can grab him with a clean rag and, tightly squeezing, try turning it counter-clockwise. If this did not help, there is a more cardinal method. This requires a long screwdriver. We pierce the filter body. The screwdriver will become a kind of lever that will facilitate our efforts. But in the future it is recommended to purchase a specialized puller, especially since it is inexpensive.
At the next stage, we pick up a clean rag andwipe the mounting hole under the filter from the old oil. Then we move on to installing a new cleaning element, but first it needs to be filled with oil. How much should be poured into it? It is enough 2/3 of the total body volume, so that when the engine is first started, the engine does not experience oil starvation. It is also recommended that the rubber ring itself be treated with grease. Covering it with a thin oil film, we get a more dense fit of the element and exclude premature wear. The filter is installed without additional tools. Enough to screw it with the effort of the hand. You do not need to tighten the design too much, otherwise the remover will not help with the subsequent replacement.
Fill in a new one
How to replace the oil in the engine next? After a drain in the engine, some part of the work remains. So that it does not mix with the new lubricant, you need to shed some of it. Enough 200 milliliters. Gulf this volume into the engine, you will see how the black hole will flow from the drain hole. Thanks to this operation, we will free the motor from the old oil as much as possible. After this you need to tighten the stopper. Do not apply force, as there is not much pressure in the crankcase. It is enough to twist the key with the effort of one hand. Otherwise the cork will be attached and in the future it will be problematic to remove it. After we install the protection itself (if there is one).
Then again we go up to the hoodspace. Install the watering can and start adding a new lubricant. Unlike the cooling system and antifreeze, there will be no air jams - you can pour without pauses. Having emptied the canister by 3.75 liters, we look at the dipstick to check the level. The oil should reach an average mark or be slightly higher than it. If this is not the case, add the required volume to the motor and tighten the lid.
How to replace the oil in the engine next? The next step is to start a car. Please note that in the first seconds after the start-up, the emergency oil lamp will be on the instrument panel. Do not worry - it immediately goes out. Then it is necessary to warm up the engine at least to 60 degrees and muffle it. Next, check the probe.
The oil level, as a rule, will decrease slightly(most of it will go to the filter itself). Therefore, the lubricant must be refilled once more. What level should it be? Experts say that the ideal is "above average" or close to maximum. After three thousand kilometers, you need to check this level again. If necessary, resume it.
After changing the oil, the car starts to quieterwork. As studies show, the engine noise level drops by about five decibels. However, this effect is short-lived. After one or two thousand kilometers, the noise will again increase.
Experts give some advice on the question of oil change in the engine:
- Do not ignore the regulations recommendedmanufacturer. It is allowed to change the oil earlier by one or two thousand, but not later. The longer it is operated above the required time, the less useful additives remain in it. The benefit of having such a product will be none. The oil will lose its lubricating and protective abilities.
- When operating it is important to monitor the level. Especially it concerns machines that are bought in the secondary market. No matter how the seller assures that the car does not take oil, riding with a dry feeler is fraught with consequences. It is also worth looking at the color of the grease itself. The presence of a characteristic smell of burning and black color indicates that the product has overheated and needs replacement.
- Do not buy cheap oils. Such products have a low lifespan and can damage the engine, since they do not have a basic set of additives. Typically, forgery can be recognized by the characteristic seams on the canister and the curve marking.
- Do not skimp on oil filters. By installing cheap cleaning elements, you are significantly at risk. Often, these filters tore the bypass valve, and the remnants of it penetrated directly into the engine.
- Do not use additives or additives.additives. Remember that in good oil already there is a set of all necessary additives. The use of third-party products can damage the engine, while the positive effect will only be short-lived.
Also during the discharge of oil can be checkedcondition of the front suspension. Examine the ball bearings, silent blocks of levers, steering tips, thrusts and anthers of CV joints. In this way we will be able to determine the possible malfunction in time and shorten the waiting time for the discharge of the work.
So, we figured out how to replace the oil in the engine. As you can see, this procedure can be carried out by our own hands. To perform the work, you need a minimum set of tools and a puller for the filter. By the time this operation will take from 30 minutes to 1 hour, depending on the skill and availability of protection ICE. That the motor has served long, it is necessary to select high-quality engine oil for the engine and not to buy cheap filters. After all, it is the latter that prevent the penetration of shavings and other products of development into friction pairs of internal combustion engines.